Whiplash is an injury to the soft tissues of the neck caused by the neck bending forcibly forward and then backward, or vice versa. The injury usually involves the muscles, ligaments, facet joints and nerves in the neck and in severe cases the discs can be damaged and the bones bruised or broken.
What causes whiplash?
Most whiplash injuries are the result of a collision involving sudden acceleration or deceleration. Many whiplash injuries occur when a person is involved in a rear end or head on motor vehicle collision, or as a result of a sports injury, particularly during contact sport. In a rear end collision, the neck is whipped backwards then forwards and, conversely, in a head on collision, the neck is whipped forwards and then backwards.
What are the symptoms of whiplash?
Symptoms usually develop shortly after the incident but may have a delayed onset of a few hours or up to a couple of days. The number and severity of symptoms vary between individuals as do recovery periods. Typical symptoms include :-
• neck pain
How is whiplash diagnosed?
A medical history will be taken and physical examination performed and additional diagnostic procedures may include :-
The use of a cervical collar has recently been called into question as a mode of treatment.
Those individuals who continue to maintain a healthy active routine after a whiplash injury and a specific exercise regime to improve movement and flexibility have been shown to have a better recovery. Also read; (http://ajali-traumaclass.blogspot.com/2009/03/athari-za-kutofunga-mkanda-whiplash.html)